A-to-Z Guide to Secure Socket Layer (SSL) for Online Business

Building a relationship requires trust and it is one of the most compelling reasons that is most likely and never met by both parties.

Reliance on the Internet is of paramount importance, especially if that relationship is a transaction; Where money is involved. Deeper than that it is true information is new gold, so on the net we need to be safe to do almost everything on the net.

Building a relationship of trust is not easy, but website owners are under increasing pressure to create an environment that can make their users feel secure. SSL certificates are a great way to do this, as they reassure users that the connection they have with that website is secure.

For end users, this is a simple icon displayed in their browser for their verification. For website owners, it’s a little more complicated, but it doesn’t have to be.

Index list

  • What is Secure Socket Layer (SSS)
  • Why we need an SSL certificate
  • How SSL works
  • Type of SSL certificate
  • How to Select a Certification Authority (CA)
  • Let’s encrypt free SSL
  • How to install an SSL certificate
  • Common SSL certificate errors and solutions

What is Secure Socket Layer (SSS)?

SSL is a security protocol that assures users that the connection between their computer and the sites they visit is secure. During the connection, most of the information passes between the two computers, which may contain confidential information such as credit card numbers, user identification numbers or even passwords.

Under normal circumstances, this information is sent in plain text, which means that the information can be stolen if the connection is blocked by a third party. SSL blocks this by mandating an encryption algorithm used when connecting both ends.

The padlock, or green padlock icon has become a sure sign to users that the website they are visiting takes their safety seriously.

Why do we need an SSL certificate?

The basic question to ask was, “Do we need an SSL certificate?”

And usually the answer would be ‘it depends’. After all, why should a website be so secure when it doesn’t need to handle sensitive financial information?

Unfortunately, as mentioned earlier, the digital age means that immediately beyond cash, hackers’ personal information continues to grow.

Google Factor

With the release of Chrome 68 from July 2018, Chrome will mark all HTTP sites as “unsafe”. Google’s policy changes have had a huge impact on the Internet – securing more than 75 percent of traffic. If you haven’t switched to HTTPS and would like to learn more, this article is for you. With the release of Chrome 68 from July 2018, Chrome will mark all HTTP sites as “unsafe”. Google’s policy changes have had a huge impact on the Internet – securing more than 75 percent of traffic.

It acknowledges that, starting July 2018, Google will label all standard HTTP pages as unsafe. This is important to acknowledge, as it may result in Google ranking sites that are considered unsafe by Google. Websites increase traffic, and if you don’t look at Google listings, you won’t find much in terms of website traffic.

Tips from Pro

There was a ranking improvement, it was negligible. Despite this, SSL was still a smart move.

This is a sign of trust and it avoids the possibility that Chrome may appear ‘unsafe’ on your site. And while direct ranking benefits may be small at the moment, they may be even more significant in the future.

I used to stop switching to SSL at first. I’ve heard violent stories of traffic nose diving and not recovery. Luckily it wasn’t. For about a week the traffic slowed down a bit, then came back.

– Adam Connell, Blogging Wizard

According to the Google Online Security Blog, at the beginning of 2018, Chrome traffic was more than 68% secure on both Android and Windows, and 81 of the top 100 sites on the web are already using HTTPS by default.
HTTPS connection via Google Chrome on various platforms. Page load percentage over HTTPS in Chrome by platform. 64% of Chrome traffic on Android is now secure. Over 75% of Chrome traffic is now secure on both ChromeOS and Mac. All three figures show comparable growth a year ago.

For now, you don’t need an SSL certificate yet, but it may be wise to consider one seriously. Although at the moment Google is only issuing warnings and punishing search rankings, given the state has given cyber security today, it probably won’t stop there.

How does SSL work?

Simply put, there are three main elements that make a connection;

Client – This is the computer that is requesting the information.
Server – The computer that contains the information requested by the client.
Connection – The path that data travels between client and server.

To establish a secure connection with SSL, there are a few more conditions you need to be aware of.

  • Certificate Signing Request (CSR) – This creates two keys on the server, one private and one person. Two keys work to help establish a secure connection.
  • Certificate Authority (CA) – This is an issuer of SSL certificates. Arrange like a security company containing a database of trusted websites.

Once a connection is requested, the server will generate a CSR. This action then sends data that includes the public key to CA. CA then matches an individual structure that creates an information structure.

The most important part of the SSL certificate is that it is digitally signed by DAE. This is important because browsers only rely on SSL certificates signed by a very specific list of CAs such as VeriSign or DigiCert. The list of CAs must be rigorously checked and comply with the standards of security and authentication set by browsers.

Although not all SSL certificates are designed for the same purpose, not all are the same. Think like buying a phone. All phones are basically designed to do the same thing, but different companies make them and make different models at different price points.

To make matters easier, we break down the types of SSL certificates by trust level.

1. Domain Verification (DV) Certificate

Of the SSL certificates, the domain valid certificate is the most basic and easily reassures users that the site is secure. There is not much detail beyond that simple fact and many security agencies do not recommend using domain valid certificates for websites that conduct commercial transactions. Domain Validation Certificate SSL is a global budget smartphone.

2. Agency Revised (OV) Certificate

Organizational certificate holders’ domains are more rigorously verified by CA than verified certificate holders. In fact, the owners of these certificates are certified by dedicated staff who verify them against government-run business registries. OV certificates contain information about the business they contain and are often used to represent commercial websites and SSL world midrange smartphones.

3. Extended Validation (EV) Certificate

Representing the highest level of trust in SSS rankings, EV certificates are the best and most rigorously verified. Using EV Certificate, these websites are deeply buying into the trust of consumers. This SSS is the iPhoneX of the world.

SSL Certification Today it is highly recommended that many fraudulent websites use SSS. After all, there is little difference between websites without green certification padlocks. This is due to the fact that the most reputable companies for SSL card certificates are highly verified.

Where can I get SSL certificate?

To get SSL certificate you need to go to one of the Certification Authority (CA)

Certification authorities (CAs) are like private security agencies. They are the ones who issue digital certificates that make the process of installing SSL easier. These include a limited list of businesses that meet the detailed criteria for maintaining their place on that list. The CAs that retain their place in the list can issue SSL certificates – so the list is exclusive.

As simple as the process is, it cannot be heard, since before issuing the certificate, the identity of the applicant for CA has to be verified. The type of SSL applied to these checks depends on the level of detail.

What makes Certification Authority (CA) great?

The best CA is someone who has been in the business for some time and is following the best business practices not only for himself but also for any business related partner. Ideally, they should be able to demonstrate proven skills in the field.

Look for CAs up to current standards, actively involved in the security industry and have as many resources as possible to support their customers.

A good CA will also:

  • There are reasonable short validity bars
  • Its customers need to be easily accessible
  • There is great support

Revise the certificate authorities

Namechip offers a whole bunch of SSL certificates so you can find anything there regardless of your needs or budget. Standard Domain Validation Certificates start at 8 8.88 169 per year, but premium certificates also go up to $ XNUMX per year (see online).

SSL.com and Namechip are the place to go when I need to buy an SSL certificate. Alternatively – see this list of the best SSL certificate providers.

Let’s get free SSL from Encrypt

For those of you running personal or hobby sites or anything non-commercial, there is an outlet for you that is acceptable to Google.

Let’s encrypt a trusted CA that is open and free to use (). Unfortunately, it only issues domain- or DNS-verified certificates without any plans to extend to OV or EV. This means that their certificates can only verify ownership and not the holding company. If you are a commercial site, this is a major mistake.

Let’s encrypt pre-configured specific hosting companies (for example – GreenGeeks). If you plan to go with Let’s Encrypt Free SSL, one of these is a good web host.

Common SSL certificate errors and quick fixes

1. SSL certificate is not trusted

SSL is not a trusted error

Almost all browsers such as Chromium, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, and Apple Safari have built repositories that are used to detect trusted SSL certificates.

If a site has received a certificate that is not trusted by a certificate, beware that it is a potential warning that is not signed in by a trusted CA.

2. Intermediate SSL certificate missing

This error is caused by an incorrectly installed SSL certificate. Error during the installation process Some SSL connection errors may occur. There must be a ‘faith chain’, meaning that all the necessary elements of the signing process should run uninterrupted.

If you own a website and encounter this error, try referring to the section I covered ‘SSS Installation’.

3. Problems with self-signed certificates

To reduce SSL issues, some website owners create their own SSL certificate. It is possible, but not much of a difference because it will not be signed by a trusted CA. Self-signed certificates are used only once in a test or development environment. Sites with signed certificates will not be shown as secure.

4) Mixed content defects
SSL mixed content error

This is a configuration issue. For SSL certificates to work, every page and file on your site must be HTTPS linked. This includes not only pages, but also images and documents. If a single page is not linked to HTTPS, the site will encounter a mixed content error and return to HTTP.

To avoid these issues, make sure your links are updated with HTTPS links.

Unwrapping the wrapper

At the end of the day, the SSL certificate is a win-win situation. Yes, we can be stressed by big business like Google, but there are actually very few downsides.

For a small price, you can assure customers of their data and privacy protection. Consumers, on the other hand, can regain faith in digital technology, an area that is increasingly being exploited by hackers, spammers and other cybercriminals.

E-commerce is a major pillar of the digital economy and has helped to increase cross-border trade. By keeping the information safe and secure, you as a website owner can personally contribute to the security of the Internet.

Lastly, when choosing your SSL, keep an eye on the price and always try your best to get back to a simple word when feeling lost or confused; Trust.

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