The development of what will become 6G mobile networks is gaining momentum. The new Finnish Consortium seeks to accelerate the development of next-generation radio technology, and the Japan-American Alliance seeks to lead the standardization of technologies that will be needed for unmanned applications. 6G networks should appear by 2030, but there are still many technical problems.6g
The development and implementation of 6G is seen as a trillion-dollar opportunity for the mobile industry, while technical leadership is becoming an increasingly political priority for many governments around the world.
Although it is too early to predict what the final form of the 6G standard will be and what technologies it will include, there are some plausible assumptions about its capabilities and the challenges faced by operators, manufacturers and researchers.
Sixth generation 6G connection
6G networks will provide great speeds, bandwidth and low latency. At the same time, they are expected to be much more intelligent and reliable. Not only will this provide mobile broadband, but it will also provide cutting-edge services such as truly exciting Augmented Reality (XR), high-quality mobile holograms and digital duplicates.
Central to these applications will be the ability of 6G to compensate for current computing limitations, such as the small capabilities of mobile devices, and the integration of intelligent data into the network.
If the most ambitious goals are achieved, 6G will provide 100 times more bandwidth than 5G and will be able to support 10 million devices per square kilometer.
The signals will propagate to an altitude of 10,000 meters above the surface, providing 3D coverage: in the sky, space and underwater. All these features will allow you to perform intelligent sounding, positioning, advanced computing and high-definition images.
However, one of the biggest problems is probably the spectrum, as 6G uses even higher frequencies to maximize bandwidth, including at 1 THz.
Finland in the center of 6G
The focus of the new project in Finland is radio technology and spectrum. The country has a long history of radio access network (RAN) technology and wants to preserve this legacy in the industry’s transition from 5G to 6G.
The RF Sampo project includes nine companies and three research organizations, including Nokia, Bittium and the University of Oulu.
“Finland has a strong tradition in radio technology that underpins wireless systems,” said Sayla Tammelin of Nokia, the project’s industry manager. – RF Sampo aims to increase Finland’s competitiveness in the field of radio technology, while going beyond industrial 5G and moving to 6G. ”
RF Sampo includes the development of radio systems, components and algorithms. It also considers the development of working methods that allow for faster implementation of innovations, for example, through more efficient modeling techniques.
The RF Sampo project will focus on making 6G radio technology as efficient as possible, take advantage of new frequency bands and antenna technologies, and create designs that reduce 6G complexity. In particular, it will explore new radio frequency technologies for both 5G and 6G, including antenna structures, integrated circuits, new radio frequency architectures and algorithms.
Separately, Japan and the United States will work together to commercialize chip-scale atomic clock technology, which will be needed to control and locate unmanned aerial vehicles and unmanned aerial vehicles in real time similar to GPS. It is hoped that the technology will appear by 2025, and efforts will cover a number of industries, including the automotive, mobile and watch sectors.
Given that China will have a much greater impact on the development of 6G than previous generations of mobile communications, Japan and the United States hope to maintain leadership in standardization.