radiation accident. How to act in such a situation: instructions from the Ministry of Health

In the event of a radiation accident in your area, you must stay indoors or move to it. This is the safest thing to do.

It is reported by RBC-Ukraine with reference to the press center of the Ministry of Health.
What to do?

Go into a hideout, basement, or in the middle of a building. Radioactive material settles on the outside of buildings, so it’s best to stay as far away from walls and roofs as possible.
Take pets inside.
Close and lock all windows and doors in the room.
Watch for messages from rescuers of the State Emergency Service, police, local authorities.

Disinfection

For self-disinfection, it is necessary to remove the top layer of clothing. Up to 90% of the radioactive material can be disposed of in this way.

Important. This must be done carefully so as not to shake the radioactive dust. Then place the clothes in a plastic bag or airtight container and keep it as far away from people and pets as possible.

If possible, you should take a shower with soap and wash your hair with shampoo, but without conditioner, as it can fix radioactive material on your hair.

Do not rub or scratch the skin to prevent radioactive material from entering open wounds. If you can’t shower, wash your hands, face, and exposed parts of your body with soap and running water.

If there is no access to water, use wet wipes, a damp cloth. Especially it is necessary to pay attention to the hands and face, wipe the eyelids, eyelashes, ears. Put on clean clothes.

Help your family and friends to do all of the above. If possible, do this with gloves and a mask or respirator.
Food and water safety

It is worth remembering that food from sealed containers (canned food, cans, bottles, boxes, etc.) is safe, as well as that which was stored in the refrigerator or freezer.

Wipe food containers and utensils with a damp cloth or clean towel before opening. Place the used cloth or towel in a plastic bag or sealed container and keep it out of reach of people and animals.

Water. Until lifeguards or authorities report the safety of tap water, only bottled water will remain uncontaminated, as the packaging protects the liquid inside from radioactive substances.

Boiling tap water does not get rid of radioactive substances. Therefore, keep a supply of water in bottles or other sealed containers. Drinks in the refrigerator are also safe to drink.

Water in other containers in your home, such as a toilet or water heater, will not contain radioactive substances. At the same time, tap or well water for You can use to wash yourself and pack food and water.

Even if the tap water is contaminated, you can still use it for decontamination because any radioactive material that enters surface or groundwater will be diluted to a very low level by the water and will be safe to wash your skin, hair and clothes.
pet food

Just like human food, pet food in airtight containers (cans, cans, bottles, boxes, etc.) will be safe to eat. Wipe pet bowls and mats with a damp cloth or towel.

Place the used cloth or towel in a plastic bag or airtight container and keep it out of reach.

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